China is the diversified country. Here you can see everything: picturesque traditional villages, modern megalopolises, ancient monasteries, deserts Gobi, SnowyMountain peaks and etc. Rich history and culture of this country, huge territory and natural variety make the great choice of opportunities for travelling and rest.
Almost in every city, province of China there is a lot of sights, culturally-historical memorials, and unique nature. There are 29 objects that are included to the list of the world heritage of United Nations Organization and most of them are in the Northern China. Visitors can marvel at the Great Wall, be awed by the Terracotta Warriors in Xi'an, stroll around the Forbidden City, delight in dining lakeside in gorgeous Hangzhou and sampling delicacies such as bird's nest soup or 100-year-old eggs.
An administrative division of China includes 23 provinces, 5 autonomous areas, 2 special autonomous areas and also 4 cities of central subordination.
Located in Southeast Asia along the coastline of the Pacific Ocean, China is the world's third largest country, after Russia and Canada. With an area of 9.6 million square kilometres and a coastline of 18,000 kilometres, its shape on the map is like a rooster. It reaches Mohe in HeilongjiangProvince as its northern end, Zengmu Ansha (or James Shoal) to the south, Pamirs to the west, and expands to the eastern border at the conjunction of the Heilongjiang (Amur) River and the Wusuli (Ussuri) River, spanning about 50 degrees of latitude and 62 degrees of longitude. China is bordered by 14 countries -- Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Burma, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakstan, Mongolia, and Russia. Marine-side neighbors include eight countries -- North Korea, Korea, Japan, Philippines, Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam.
The topography varies greatly in China, a vast land of lofty plateau, large plains, rolling land and big and small basins surrounded by lofty mountains. All the five basic topographic types in the world exist in China to create the conditions for developing industry and agriculture.
The art of calligraphy traditionally considered as the highest form of visual arts in China.
The first 4,000 years of Spoken Chinese encompassed both Old Chinese and Middle Chinese, after which it began to split into various dialects and languages about 1,000 years ago. In the Ming Dynastystandard Mandarin was nationalized. Even so, it wasn't until the Republic of China era in the 1900s when there was any noticeable result in promoting a common unified language in China.
The ancient written standard was Classical Chinese. It was used for thousands of years, but was mostly reserved for scholars and intellectuals. By the 20th century, millions of citizens, especially those outside of the imperial court were illiterate. Only after the May 4th Movement did the push for Vernacular Chinese begin. This allowed common citizens to read since it was modeled after the linguistics and phonology of a spoken language.
Chinese literature began with record keeping and divination on Oracle Bones. The extensive collection of books that have been preserved since the Zhou Dynasty demonstrate just how advanced the intellectuals were at one time. Indeed, the era of the Zhou Dynasty is often looked to as the touchstone of Chinese cultural development. The Five Cardinal Points are the foundation for almost all major studies. Concepts covered within the Chinese classic texts present a wide range of subjects including poetry, astrology, astronomy, calendar, constellations and many others. Some of the most important early texts include I Ching and Shujing within the Four Books and Five Classics. Many Chinese concepts such as Yin and Yang, Qi, Four Pillars of Destiny in relation to heaven and earth were all theorized in the dynastic periods.
China experiences most all climateextremes. In the northern area of the country, winter months from December to March are typically very cold. In Beijing, for example, temperatures seldom rise above0°C. As you move towards the region to the north of the Great Wall and into Inner Mongolia, you’ll find even colder temperatures, which at times drop to -40°C.
In contrast, the summer months in Beijing and other parts of the northern region can be sweltering, with temperatures of 38°C not uncommon. Spring and fall are the best seasons, without doubt, to visit China’s northern attractions, as daytime temperatures are typically in the 20-30°C range. You’ll find that nights during this time can be quite cold, however.
In southern China, the weather is generally hot and humid from April to September – particularly around Guangzhou. Rainfall can be heavy between July and September, and typhoons are possible in all of southeast China. Winters are short here, lasting from January through March, and nowhere near as cold as it gets in the north. Thespring and fall months are also the best time to visitthis area, with daytime temperatures ranging from 20-25°C. Whether you’re visiting the south or the north during these months, it’s always a good idea to bring along warm clothing, as nights can be quite cool.
The central parts of China are typically hot and humid during the summer, and in fact, Chongqing, Nanjing and Wuhan provinces are the hottest of all – with temperatures rising above 40°C frequently. In this area, summers run from April to October. Winters are short here, but can be quite cold. Again, the best time to visit the central provinces is during the spring and fall.
The best time for travel
The best time is in the period from May to October. You could take into account that in the period from June to August, there are a lot of rainfalls. Autumn is “golden season”, the average temperature is +20…+25C in the afternoon, and from +4C to + 18C at night.
The most famous ski resort Jabuli is receiving its tourists from the middle of November to the middle of March. The swimming season is open from June to September.
The yuan or CNY is the official currency. One Renminbi Yuan (CNY; symbol ¥) is equal to 10 jiao, or 100 fen. Banknotes are issued in denominations of ¥100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1; and 5, 2 and 1 jiao. Coins are found in denominations of ¥1; 5 and 1 jiao; and 5, 2 and 1 fen.
Although the yuan is tightly controlled and cannot be exchanged outside of China, it is possible to change currency inside the country. Foreign currency and traveler’s cheques can be exchanged for yuan at Bank of China branches. A record is made of all transfers and you will be required to show a receipt for the initial amount exchanged if you wish to sell back any unused Yuan at the end of your trip. Often, China’s Friendship Stores and many tourist hotels will accept major Western currencies for some purchases. Credit card use is limited to upscale shops, hotels and restaurants in the major cities; and ATMs are found in airports, larger hotels and shopping centers.
Tipping in China is officially prohibited. You can leave 1-2 yuans for porters or housemaids.
Visitors entering China are allowed to bring in 400 cigarettes and two bottles of alcoholic beverages (maximum of 0.75 litres each), duty-free. A reasonable amount of perfume for personal may also be brought in duty-free. Items that cannot be brought into the country include: weapons, ammunition and printed material that is considered offensive for whatever reason. The list also includes fresh produce and radio receivers and transmitters. Import and export restrictions apply to antiques and publications that have been banned in China. It is important to declare all valuables that you have in your possession at time of entry.
An import of 5,000 RMB is permitted. If you have more than this amount, related documents will be needed and you need to declare to the customs. But an import or export of foreign currency isn’t limited.
For entering China, visa is necessary. You should present such documents to the consulate department:
· Foreign passport, which is valid not less than 6 months
· Photo 3x4 for the application form
· Application form, which must be filled in your own hand
· Reference, with stating of salary and position
· For the children, who are endorsed in the parents’ passports, necessary photo.
The term of making visa is from 7 day
Embassy of China in Ukraine
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of China in Ukraine is Mr. H.E. Mr. Zhou Li
01901, Kiev, 32 Grushevska Street
Telephone: (+38 044) 253-13-29
Fax: (+38 044) 253-73-71
Monday, Wed, Fr 10:00-11:30
Tel.: (+38 044) 253-31-58
Fax: (+38 044) 254-00-86
1st of October (1949) – Independence Day
Embassy of Ukraine in China
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Ukraine in China
Karmadonova Anna Konstantinovna
Burdyliak Sergey Anatolievich
China, Beijing, 100600,
San Li Tun, Dong 6 Jie, 11
ÒÅËÅÔÎÍ: (8 10 8610) 6532 6359
ÔÀÊÑ: (8 10 8610) 6532 6765
Site of Embassy: http://www.ukremb.cn
The shops are opened daily from 09:00-19:00. In big cities the majority of shops are working to 22:00
Traditionally, eight schools of cuisine are referred to: these include the cuisine of Anhui, Beijing, Fujian, Guangdong, Hunan, Jiangxu, Szechuan and Zhejiang. The major differences in the cuisines stem from local ingredients available, the climate and local customs. In the Han dynasty, an approach to cooking was formulated based on a rule that the five basic flavors must be combined during a meal to achieve balance: these aspects are bitter, hot, salty, sour and sweet.
Many special foods are available during times of festivals and important celebrations. There are glutinous rice cakes prepared specially for the New Year; an unusual green dumpling to celebrate Qingming; ‘zhongji’ during the Dragon Boat festival; and the very popular moon cakes, which are prepared and shared with family and friends at the Mid-Autumn festival.
For the tourist looking to shop in China, there’s plenty of variety on offer. Options range from street stalls that offer up souvenirs, to outdoor markets that sell just about everything at negotiable prices, to the high-end upscale shops and designer boutiques.
The diversity of geography, climate, costumes and products have led to the evolution of what are called the 'Four Flavors' and 'Eight Cuisines' but as catering is a living art sub-classifications continue to increase. For example in each field of cuisine, adept chefs can utilize something as simple as a melon to create dozens of dishes with dozens of flavors. Meanwhile, local specialties and snacks with their origins steeped in the mists of time are also an important progeny and indicate a profound philosophy and taste. As well as the cuisine of the majority Han people, the many minorities have their own fantastic traditions and appeal.
Among the many cooking methods they use are boiling, stewing, braising, frying, steaming, crisping, baking, and simmering and so on. When they finish their masterpieces they are arranged on a variety of plates and dishes so that they are a real pleasure to view, to smell and ultimately to savor. The facility to partake of these delights is also distinctive - chopsticks! To see even the smallest child eat with such dexterity is quite amazing for many foreigners. The use of two simple sticks in this way is an art in itself and chopsticks have determined the way in which Chinese food is presented at table.
Public buses are the most common form of transportation throughout the country. The buses tend to be clean and the fares cheap: you’ll pay the same fare in a metropolitan area regardless of how far you’re going. You’ll find that the majority of the city buses are air-conditioned.
Long-distance buses are good means for covering longer distances, although they can be quite crowded.
Trains are an even better choice, now reaching most every province with faster and relatively cheap service. Trains can be quite crowded as well, however, particularly during the holidays.
Metros – or subway systems – are not common in China, except in the largest cities such as Shanghai and Beijing. Even in these cities, the networks are not well developed, and you’ll most likely need to rely on some form of surface transport to reach your final destination.
Taxis and individually-owned cars are fast becoming the major means of transport in the big cities, replacing the ubiquitous bicycle as the standard. In smaller urban centres and small towns, however, bicycles still dominate.
Taxis are usually easy to find, can be hailed on the street, and are clean and quite comfortable. Most drivers will automatically turn on the meter, but if this doesn’t occur, it’s best that you request that they do so – or choose another taxi. Most drivers don’t speak English, and it’s always a good idea to have the address of your destination written down in Chinese.
China’s vast size means that travel by air is the only truly feasible option for visitors with limited time to reach destinations that are thousands of miles apart. Airports range from the small and simple facilities handling a limited number of flights, to the huge international airports of cities such as Beijing and Shanghai. That being said, travel by railroad affords views of stunning scenery and ways of life away from the big cities
Usually you can make a call from all Chinese hotels. In the 3* hotels – 10% premium for the international call and in the hotels of higher level – 15% premium. The fare for the telephone talks is included to the joint account.
Visitors entering China who have also visited an area affected by yellow fever, within the past year, need to show proof of receiving immunization against the disease. In addition, it is highly recommended that visitors receive vaccination against cholera and hepatitis A and B. Hygiene standards tend to be high in most Chinese cities, so the risk of contracting an infectious disease is low. If you do need medical treatment during your visit, most of the better tourist hotels have a physician on staff or on call to offer minor treatments.
It’s good to avoid eating undercooked or raw foods, as this can lead to food poisoning. Also, don't drinking tap water. Carrying anti-diarrheal medication and charcoal tablets is recommended as well, as both can come in handy in dealing with digestive system ailments. Most Chinese cities provide good response to emergencies, but the same is not true in rural areas. It is recommended that you contact a hospital directly in any case.
BeijingUnitedFamilyHospital: +86 10 6433 3960/1/2/4/5 (24-hour number)
Emergency services: 120 (Beijing
The Chinese are very hospitable, precautionary and polite. In big cities they can politely ask to make a photo with the tourist, especially European girls and children.
Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China - situated in the northeast of the country. Formerly known as Peking, it is a city rich in culture as well as being a centre for international trade. The diverse skyline is an interesting mix of old and new, with ancient palaces rubbing shoulders with gleaming new tower blocks. It also serves as a good base from which to explore the iconic landmark of the Great Wall.
Xian was the birthplace of one of the world’s most important civilizations, which enjoyed a status equal to that of ancient Athens, Cairo and Rome. Situated on China’s southern Guanzhong plain, it is the capital of Shaanxi province, surrounded by hills, mountains and rivers, an auspicious combination of natural features according to Chinese tradition.
Shanghai is one of the most famous cities in China. It was once called the ‘Paris of the East’, but today is regarded to as the ‘Pearl of the Orient’. Shanghai lies at the centre of China’s economic, cultural and commercial growth and is a diverse city that is moving forward at a terrific rate.
Guangzhou has a long and fascinating history having been subject to several dynasties and experiencing the influences of European nations who long used the area for trading purposes. It retains many fascinating historical structures which are among its key attractions for both domestic and international visitors.
Hainan is the name given to both the smallest province of the Republic of China and the largest island within that province. Invariably when somebody makes reference to Hainan, it is the major island that they are talking about unless they specify otherwise. The island is a popular holiday destination that benefits from warm tropical weather and a correspondingly tropical eco-system. It’s these characteristics that have earned Hainan the nickname ‘Hawaii of the Orient’
The otherworldly landscape of Guilin, with its limestone towers and green tranquil rivers make this one of the most magical regions of the world. Children should find the natural beauty of the area enough to keep them amazed, in particular the animal and marine life parks. If they hanker for something even more exotic, there are a number of colorful indigenous tribes that call the surrounding hills home. Thanks to Guilin’s extensively developed tourist infrastructure, there shouldn’t be any trouble finding things to do with your kids.