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Indonesia 

The islands of Indonesian archipelago are peculiar bridge between Asia and Australia. Indonesia is the country of clear transparent lakes, mangrove swamps and great wet tropical forests. Travelling in Indonesia, you can feel oneself as you are in some epochs, here are saved prehistoric rites and rituals, unknown languages. The capital of Indonesia is the modern megalopolis with active political and economical life.

The nature of Indonesia is very different. Here are impenetrable forests, grand mountains and beautiful lagoons with natural beaches.

Indonesia is not only a simple country, it is the whole world, which is similar and at the same time different.

 

 

Geography

Indonesia is an archipelago in Southeast Asia consisting of 17,000 islands (6,000 inhabited) and straddling the equator. The largest islands are Sumatra, Java (the most populous), Bali, Kalimantan (Indonesia's part of Borneo), Sulawesi (Celebes), the Nusa Tenggara islands, the Moluccas Islands, and Irian Jaya (also called West Papua), the western part of New Guinea. Its neighbor to the north is Malaysia and to the east is Papua New Guinea.

Indonesia, part of the ring of fire, has the largest number of active volcanoes in the world. Earthquakes are frequent. Wallace's line, a zoological demarcation between Asian and Australian flora and fauna, divides Indonesia.

The five main islands are: Sumatra, which is about 473,606 sq. km. in size; the most fertile and densely populated islands, Java/Madura, 132,107 sq. km; Kalimantan, which comprises two-thirds of the island of Borneo and measures 539,460 sq. km; Sulawesi, 189,216 sq. km; and Irian Jaya, 421,981 sq. km, which is part of the world's second largest island, New Guinea. Indonesia's other islands are smaller in size.

The archipelago is divided into three groups. The islands of Java, Sumatra and Kalimantan, and the small islands in-between, lie on the Sunda Shelf which begin on the coasts of Malaysia and Indo China, where the sea depth does not exceed 700 feet. Irian Jaya which is part of the island of New Guinea, and the Aru Islands lie on the Sahul Shelf, which stretches northwards from the Australian coast. Here the sea depth is similar to that of the Sunda Shelf.

 

 

Time

Indonesia involves 3 time zones. Central and Eastern part of the island Java and Bali is in the time zone of Western Indonesia GMT +5 hours from Kiev winter time and +4 hours from summer time.

 

 

Climate

Indonesias tropical climate makes it an ideal holiday destination all year round. The two seasons here are distinct: dry and wet. From June through September, the east monsoon ensures dry weather; while from December through March, things are wet from the west monsoon rains. Temperatures during the wet season are comfortable at 21 to 33?C (cooler at higher altitudes). The rain falls hardest in December and January, when humidity is 75 to 100 per cent.

Average temperatures in some of the most popular resort destinations like Bali hover around 30?Cthe whole year. May through August is the best time for a visit to Indonesia as the climate is at its coolest and the rains are light. If you plan on travelling to high altitudes, youll want to carry some warm clothing, especially for visits to mountain villages

 

 

The best time for traveling

The best seasons are December-January and July-September. The best time for surfing is from September to March.

 

 

Capital

Jakarta is the special metropolitan district and the largest city of Indonesia.With its strategic location on the western coast of Java Island, Jakarta serves as the gateway to the 17,000 odd islands that make up the massive archipelago of Indonesia. Formerly a Dutch colony from the 17th century, Jakarta has evolved into a modern and lively social, economic and political hub. With some 7.5 million residents, Jakarta offers visitors more than enough things to see and do in the city.

 

 

Population

Indonesia has a population of more than 200 million inhabitants. There exist 366 ethnic groups. Also expatriates from other countries live here: Chinese, Arabs, Indians and others. The nations, which live in Indonesia, are very pleasant and friendly.

 

 

Official language  

Indonesian is the official national language of Indonesia. It is based on a version of Classical Malay of the Riau-JohorSultanate. It was first declared the official language with the declaration of Indonesian independence in 1945, following the 1928 unifying-language declaration in the Indonesian Youth Pledge.

Almost all of Indonesia's 240 million inhabitants speak the language and it is one of the most spoken languages in the world.[2] Most Indonesians, aside from speaking the national language, are fluent in another regional language or local dialect (examples include Minangkabau, varieties of Chinese, Sundanese, Javanese and Balinese) that are commonly used at home and within the local community. Most formal education, as well as nearly all national media and other forms of communication, are conducted in Indonesian. In East Timor, which was annexed as an Indonesian province from 1975 to 1999, the Indonesian language is recognised by the constitution as one of two working languages (the other is English, alongside the official languages of Tetum and Portuguese).

 

 

Religion

The major highlight of Religion in Indonesia is its Religious syncretism, defined as blending of two or more religious belief systems into a new system, or the incorporation into a religious tradition of beliefs from unrelated traditions. There can be many reasons for the same to happen, but the most common of all is co-existence of multiple religious traditions in an area, in close proximity and functioning actively in the culture.

In Indonesia, religion plays a major role in everyday life of people. There are a number of different religions that are practiced in Indonesia, which exude a significant influence on the country's political, economical and cultural life.

Approximately 88% of Indonesia's 222 million people are Muslims, 5% are Protestant, 3% are Catholic, 2% are Hindu, 1% is Buddhist, and 1% believes in other religions.

Officially, there are only six religions that are recognized by the Indonesian Government, namely Islam, Protestantism, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Confucianism. The government is however tolerant of other religions as well.

Indonesia has inherited a rich cultural legacy, which is intertwined with religion and age-old traditions from the time of early migrants with Western thoughts brought by Portuguese traders and Dutch colonists.

 

 

Monetary unit

The unit of currency is the Indonesia rupiah (IDR), commonly abbreviated as Rp. The largest banknote is Rp100,000, roughly equivalent to US$10. Bills also come in Rp50,000, Rp20,000, Rp10,000, Rp5,000 and Rp1,000. Aluminum coins are available in denominations of Rp500, Rp200, Rp100, Rp50 and Rp25. Older versions made of metal are still in use as well. US dollars are also accepted for large purchases and hotel stays.

The best places to exchange currency are banks and money exchangers, which can easily be found on Java, Bali and Lombok. However, if you plan to travel elsewhere, be sure you change money ahead of time. US dollars are the easiest the change and should not be dated from before 1999 or dirty, wrinkled, stained or torn. Higher exchange rates are offered for bills issued after 2000.

 

 

Electricity

Line voltage: 220V, 50Hz

 

 

Transport

Jakarta is the only city with great variety of buses. Within the country, transport is easiest by air, as the nation is comprised of so many islands. Alternatively, you can travel by rail between some destinations, with business and economy class trains available.

 When in a city, its possible to get around by becak, also known as pedi-cabs and tri-shaws. Its best to negotiate and bargain your fare before you get in. Most drivers dont speak English so you should bring a map with you and know where you are going. Taxis are another mode of transport, although youll find they wont lower their fares much for foreigners.

Getting around by bus is not recommended unless you are a seasoned traveler. There are fixed prices from stop to stop and it is a cheap mode of transport, but you may have problems getting to where you want to go if you cant speak the local language. Small minivans following specific routes are a good choice if you can figure out where they are going. Its best to make sure of the price before getting in and to know where you are going so you can tell the driver when to stop.

In order to rent a car, it is enough to fulfill 3 conditions:

1)       You must be not less than 21 years

2)       Must have credit card

3)       International driving license, issued not less that a year ago

 

 

Visa, custom regulations

The term of issuing visa:

4-5 working days

 

 

Necessary documents:

          Application form

          Residence permit, telephone

          Marital status

          Foreign passport

          2 photos

          Reference

 

 

For a child:

If a child travel with one parent notarial permit from other parent, and the copy of birth certificate.

Visitors entering the country can bring in a maximum of two litres of alcoholic beverages; 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars or 100 grams of tobacco; and a reasonable quantity of perfume for personal use. Photographic equipment and laptops must be declared. Many items are banned including: narcotics, firearms and ammunition, TVs, radios, tape recorders, pornography, fresh fruit, printed materials in Chinese and Chinese medicine. All films, video tapes and DVDs must be deposited for review by the Film Censor Board. Import or export of Indonesia currency exceeding Rp50,000 is also prohibited.

 

 

Embassy of Indonesia in Ukraine

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary

Mr. Albertus Emanuel Alexander Laturiuw

Chancellery

04107, Kiev, 27-B, Nagorna Street

Telephone: (+38 044) 206-54-46, 206-54-47, 206-54-48
Fax: (+38 044) 206-54-40

 

 

E-mail: kbri@indo.ru.kiev.ua

Working hours:

Monday-Friday

10:00 13:00, 14:00 -17:30

 

 

Embassy of Ukraine in Indonesia

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary

Mr. Kravchenko Valerii Ilarionovich

 

 

Address:

WTC Building, 8th floor Jl.Jenderal Sudirman kav. 29-31, Jakarta Pusat, 12084
Telephone: (8 10 6221) 521 17 00
Fax: (8 10 6221) 521 17 10
E-mail: emb_id@mfa.gov.ua
            uaembas@velo.web.id
            conspuh@velo.web.id
Site of Embassy: http://www.mfa.gov.ua/indonesia

 

 

Working hours:

08:00 15:30

 

 

Days off:

Sat, Sun

 

 

Connection

You can make a call from any telephone boxes with telephone cards, which you can buy in supermarkets, posts and newsstands. As for the international calls, you can make them from your hotel.

 

 

Cuisine

Steeped in such a variety of cultures, Indonesia is home to a fine array of cuisines. A great hub of spices since the 15th century, when traders used to come here to make large purchases to take back to Europe, the nation has incorporated sensuous blends into its spicy dishes. In addition, many visiting cultures have left their mark on Indonesian cuisine including the Portuguese and Dutch, making it one of the most diverse cuisines on the planet.

Rice is the staple of Indonesian cuisine and most people eat it at least twice a day, served with a side dish of meat and vegetables. Although simple, the food is tasty with the use of roots, spices, grasses and leaves. Meals are often presented with condiments like sambal kecap, a chilli and soy sauce relish. Some island staples include sweet potatoes, sago, corn and cassava as well as seafood such as fish, lobster, oysters, prawns and squid

The most easily palatable of all Indonesian cuisines is possibly the Javanese, as its not too spicy and contains lots of vegetables, soybeans, beef, chicken and other varieties of ingredients that are common to Western tastes. In Sumatra, youre likely to find a lot of beef dishes as well as spice in the food. Seafood is a main feature of menus in the east; and curries are also popular in this region. Even though Indonesia is primarily a Muslim country, you will find pork dishes are specialties in parts of Bali.

 

 

Holidays

1st of January New Year

21st of April  - Ibu Kartini Day

17th of August Independence Day

1st of October - Defense Day

5th of October - Armed Forces Day

10th of November - Hero's Day

25th of December Christmas

 

 

Shopping

Shops are opened from 10:00 to 18:00, big shopping centre to 21:00 and till 14:00 on Sunday.

Indonesia offers a lot of shopping possibilities from modern, glitzy malls to traditional markets. Most of the shopping centres offer big department stores set alongside book, toy and clothing shops. Many also house movie theatres, arcades, rock-climbing walls, ice skating rinks and other amusements.

Traditional markets are good places to find handicrafts, batik, and other souvenirs to take back home. Even if you are not an avid shopper, these markets are ideal spots for taking photographs and talking to locals.

 

 

Tips

In restaurants and hotels, tips are included to the bills. In the airports you can give from 2 000 to 5 000 rupees to the carrier.

 

 

Health

Although no vaccines are required for travel to Indonesia, visitors are advised to update vaccinations against cholera, hepatitis A and B, typhoid, and Japanese encephalitis before travel. Other diseases that are present in the country are malaria, schistosomiasis (found in fresh water), dengue fever, toxoplasmosis, HIV, and tuberculosis.

 

 

Gadgets

Indonesians are very good-natured to the tourists, but at the same time they honor their traditions and not forgive the liberty. In Indonesia it is forbidden to point on somebody by a finger and to touch the head of Indonesian. You cant enter the temple in shorts, t-shirts, cloths with decollete and to speak loudly during the religious ceremonies.